AMD‘s Ryzen 5000 sequence CPUs have arrived, simply eclipsing Intel’s competing chips and bringing a brand new stage of efficiency to the desktop PC with the flagship Ryzen 9 5950X and 5900X. With the whole disruption of Intel’s high-end chips already effectively in hand, AMD‘s Ryzen 5 5600X delivers a equally beautiful blow to Intel’s mid-range lineup and slots in as the mainstream chip for gaming – It even beats Intel’s halo Core i9-10900Ok.
The Ryzen 5 5600X takes the mid-range by storm with six cores and twelve threads powered by the Zen Three structure fabbed on the 7nm course of. That potent mixture equates to a ~19% enchancment in instruction per cycle (IPC) throughput, making the 5600X a simple alternative for our checklist of Greatest CPUs. Different fine-grained enhancements, like a vastly optimized boosting algorithm, improved reminiscence overclocking, and reworked cache topology, erases the final traces of Intel’s efficiency benefits whereas delivering a brand new stage of energy effectivity.
However with the altering of the guard on the efficiency entrance, AMD has additionally modified its pricing because it assumes the place of being the uncontested premium model. The corporate has raised pricing by $50 on all of its new chips, and for lovers, that has a disproportionate affect on the Ryzen 5 5600X: A lot to the dismay of AMD followers, the entry-level pricing for a brand new Zen Three processor is an uncomfortably-high $300. Nevertheless, regardless of the poor reception to AMD‘s elevated pricing, the Ryzen 5 5600X delivers greater than sufficient efficiency to justify its price tag.
A lot of Ryzen’s early success stemmed from industry-leading core counts and loads of freebies for lovers, like bundled coolers and unrestricted overclockability paired with broad compatibility. AMD nonetheless affords most of the similar benefits, like unrestrained overclockability on all SKUs and most motherboards (the A-series is the lone exception), however has discarded bundled coolers for its Ryzen 9 and seven processors. Fortunately for entry-level patrons, the 65W Ryzen 5 5600X is the one Ryzen model that comes with a bundled cooler, and it is sufficient for many customers.
|Zen Three Ryzen 5000 Sequence Processors||RCP (MSRP)||Cores/Threads||Base/Enhance Freq.||TDP||L3 Cache|
|Ryzen 9 5950X||$799||16 / 32||3.4 / 4.9 GHz||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Ryzen 9 5900X||$549||12 / 24||3.7 / 4.Eight GHz||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Ryzen 7 5800X||$449||8 / 16||3.8 / 4.7 GHz||105W||32MB (1×32)|
|Ryzen 5 5600X||$299||6 / 12||3.7 / 4.6 GHz||65W||32MB (1×32)|
AMD additionally left a noticeable hole in its product stack – you will need to take a steep $150 step up the pricing ladder to get above the entry-level six-core twelve-thread Ryzen 5 5600X. AMD‘s premium pricing may very well be a drawback towards Intel if a price warfare varieties, however AMD‘s advised promoting costs not often manifest at retail, and persevering with shortages have discovered the chips promoting far over advisable pricing. That makes it exhausting to foretell how pricing will shake out over the following months.
In keeping with our exams, the Ryzen 5600X delivers, although, beating Intel in almost all metrics that matter, together with efficiency, energy consumption, and thermals, and largely removes Intel’s efficiency lead after overclocking. In actual fact, this $300 chip even beats Intel’s dear flagship Core i9-10900Ok in most single-threaded workloads, and that is after we overclock Intel’s silicon. And sure, the 5600X’s benefit over the 10900Ok consists of 1080p gaming.
In the meantime, Intel is left and not using a response till the primary quarter of 2021 when its Rocket Lake chips blast off, bringing a brand new back-ported Cypress Cove structure that grants a “double-digit” IPC improve paired with Intel’s endless 14nm course of. Within the meantime, we will count on additional deep price cuts from Intel in response, significantly as Zen Three availability turns into extra plentiful.
For now, the Ryzen 5 5600X cements AMD‘s Ryzen 5000 sequence because the uncontested efficiency chief in each price band it competes in. Let’s take a better look.
Ryzen 5 5600X Specs and Pricing
The Ryzen 5000 sequence processors come as 4 models that span from six cores and twelve threads as much as 16 cores and 32 threads. AMD elevated its Precision Enhance clock charges throughout the board, with a peak of 4.9 GHz for the Ryzen 9 5950X.
Our Ryzen 9 5950X pattern peaked at 5 GHz at stock settings, albeit sporadically, and reached 5.125 GHz after overclocking. We did not have as a lot luck with our Ryzen 5 5600X pattern as we did with the 5950X, however the 5600X ceaselessly beat it is marketed 4.6 GHz enhance clock with a 4.65 GHz enhance on a single core.
AMD elevated the enhance clock speeds, but it surely additionally decreased base frequencies in comparison with the previous-gen processors. AMD says that if you happen to high the chip with an sufficient cooler, it’ll not often (if ever) drop to the bottom frequency. We recorded many instances of a 4.55 GHz all-core enhance with the Ryzen 5 5600X, which definitely wasn’t potential with the previous-gen chips. We’ll cowl that extra in-depth beneath.
|Zen Three Ryzen 5000 Sequence Processors||RCP (MSRP)||Cores/Threads||Base/Enhance Freq.||TDP||L3 Cache|
|Ryzen 9 5950X||$799||16 / 32||3.4 / 4.9||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Core i9-10980XE||$815 (retail)||18 / 36||3.0 / 4.8||165W||24.75MB|
|Ryzen 9 3950X||$749||16 / 32||3.5 / 4.7||105W||64MB (4×16)|
|Ryzen 9 5900X||$549||12 / 24||3.7 / 4.8||105W||64MB (2×32)|
|Core i9-10900Ok / F||$488 – $472||10 / 20||3.7 / 5.3||125W||20MB|
|Ryzen 9 3900XT||$499||12 / 24||3.9 / 4.7||105W||64MB (4×16)|
|Ryzen 7 5800X||$449||8 / 16||3.8 / 4.7||105W||32MB (2×16)|
|Core i9-10850Ok||$453||10 / 20||3.6 / 5.2||95W||20MB|
|Core i7-10700Ok / F||$374 – $349||8 / 16||3.8 / 5.1||125W||16MB|
|Ryzen 7 3800XT||$399||8 / 16||3.9 / 4.7||105W||32MB (2×16)|
|Ryzen 5 5600X||$299||6 / 12||3.7 / 4.6||65W||32MB (1×32)|
|Core i5-10600Ok / F||$262 – $237||6 / 12||4.1 / 4.8||125W||12MB|
|Ryzen 5 3600XT||$249||6 / 12||3.8 / 4.5||95W||32MB (1×32)|
The 6-core 12-thread $299 Ryzen 5 5600X’s base clocks are available in at 100 MHz lower than the previous-gen 3600XT, whereas boosts are 100 MHz increased at 4.6 GHz. AMD‘s 6C/12T Ryzen 5 3600XT had a 95W TDP, however AMD dialed that again to 65W with the 5600X, displaying that Zen 3’s improved IPC affords a number of benefits. Regardless of the decreased TDP ranking, the 5600X delivers explosive efficiency positive aspects.
The Ryzen 5 5600X’s $300 price tag establishes a brand new price band for a mainstream processor, so Intel does not have chips with nearly-identical pricing; the Core i5-10600Ok is the closest Intel comparable. This chip carries a $262 price tag for the full-featured model, whereas the graphics-less 10600KF weighs in at $237.
Intel’s Core i7-10700Ok additionally is not almost as quick because the 5600X in gaming and lightly-threaded work, and overclocking does not change the story in any significant method. It does have two further cores that may make it a compelling value various for content material creation-focused duties, however its $375 price tag makes that an iffy proposition. You are higher off stepping up one other Ryzen tier.
However AMD does have a obvious gap in its product stack: You may need to shell out an additional $150 to step up from the $300 6C/12T Ryzen 5 5600X to the $499 8C/16T Ryzen 7 5800X, which is a steep leap. Primarily based upon product naming alone, it seems there’s a lacking Ryzen 7 5700X within the stack, but it surely stays to be seen if AMD will truly carry such a product to market.
As earlier than, AMD solely ensures its enhance frequencies on a single core, and all-core boosts will range primarily based on the cooling resolution, energy supply, and motherboard BIOS. The Ryzen 5 5600X is the one Ryzen 5000 chip that comes with a bundled cooler, and we discovered that the Wraith Spire delivers sufficient thermal headroom for many workloads, however you will get a lift from higher cooling in heavily-threaded workloads. You additionally should not count on any significant overclocking headroom with the Wraith Spire cooler. Extra on that beneath.
The Ryzen chips proceed to reveal 20 lanes of PCIe 4.Zero to the person and follow DDR4-3200 reminiscence as the bottom spec. Nevertheless, if the silicon lottery shines upon you, we discovered that the chips supply significantly better reminiscence overclocking as a result of improved material overclocking capabilities.
These chips drop into present AM4 motherboards with 500-series chipsets, like X570, B550, and A520 models. AMD says it’ll additionally add help for 400-series motherboards beginning in Q1, 2021, however that comes with just a few restrictions. Regardless, some motherboard distributors have jumped forward and are already providing help on 400-series motherboards, in order that initiative is effectively underway. Simply do not forget that you will lose help for the PCIe 4.Zero interface on these older motherboards.
We have coated AMD‘s Zen Three microarchitecture extra in-depth in our Ryzen 9 5950X and 5900X assessment. The spotlight reel is that AMD has unified its L3 cache into one 32MB contiguous cluster, which vastly reduces reminiscence latency, thus boosting efficiency in latency-sensitive workloads, like gaming.
AMD leverages its present Ryzen SoC for the 5000 sequence chips. Zen Three makes use of the identical 12nm I/O Die (IOD) paired with both one or two 8-core chiplets (CCD) in an MCM (Multi-Chip Module) configuration. For the Ryzen 5 5600X, the chip comes with one CCD with six cores enabled, whereas CPUs with 12 or 16 cores include two chiplets.
The IOD nonetheless accommodates the identical reminiscence controllers, PCIe, and different interfaces that join the SoC to the surface world. Similar to with the Matisse chips, the IOD measures ~125mm^2 and has 2.09 billion transistors.
The chiplets have been redesigned, nonetheless, and now measure ~80.7mm^2 and have 4.15 billion transistors. That is barely bigger than Zen 2’s CCDs with ~74mm^2 of silicon and three.9 billion transistors. For extra particulars of the magic behind the 19% improve in IPC, head right here.
Check Setup and Ryzen 5 5600X Overclocking
We have included our check system breakdown on the finish of the article. We even have the frequency, enhance, and thermal testing following the gaming and utility testing beneath. Very like their previous-gen predecessors, the Ryzen 5000 sequence processors not often obtain all-core overclocks that exceed the single-core enhance frequency, so handbook all-core overclocking ends in much less efficiency in lightly-threaded duties. As such, we caught with AMD‘s Precision Enhance Overdrive (PBO), which boosts efficiency in multi-core workloads whereas sustaining the excessive single-core enhance clocks.
We have had nice outcomes with reminiscence overclocking with the Ryzen 5000 sequence. Nevertheless, whereas motherboard firmware is stable for stock and normal overclocking use, it’s nonetheless very a lot a piece in progress for material overclocking. That impacts the height reminiscence frequencies you’ll be able to attain whereas nonetheless utilizing the 1:1:1 fclk/uclk/mclk ratio that gives the very best outcomes.
We have reached DDR4-4000 with a 2000 MHz material with different Ryzen 5000 processors, however we’re restricted to a 1900 MHz material pace for the Ryzen 5 5600X. As such, we dialed in DDR4-3800 at 16-16-16-36 timings for our 5600X PBO configuration, and we dialed up the CCD and IOD voltage to 1.15V to stabilize the material frequency. We additionally tried overclocking with the Wraith Spire cooler, however had been completely unsuccessful. Plan on investing in a greater cooler if you happen to’re involved in overclocking.
Ryzen 5 5600X Gaming Efficiency — The TLDR
Right here you’ll be able to see the geometric imply of our gaming exams at 1080p and 1440p, with every decision cut up into its personal chart. We’ve got the game-by-game breakdowns beneath.
We examined the Ryzen 5 5600X with each the bundled Wraith Stealth cooler (marked as HSF within the charts above) and the Corsair H115i 280mm liquid cooler (AIO) to measure the distinction in gaming. As you’ll be able to see, lower than 1% separates the 2 coolers in gaming (these deltas are bigger in our utility testing), so we solely included the exams with the H115i within the game-by-game breakdown beneath. Total, the Wraith Spire cooler offers the identical stage of gaming efficiency in our check suite because the beefier AIO cooler.
For these leery of the Ryzen 5 5600X’s $300 price tag, look no additional than Intel’s 10900Ok to see AMD‘s justification. On a price-to-performance foundation, the $300 Ryzen 5 5600X completely wrecks Intel’s halo $490 Core i9-10900Ok in our 1080p gaming suite. The 5600X even takes away absolutely the efficiency crown, too. The 10900Ok is a little more spectacular in our 1440p suite, however not by a lot – it trails the 5600X at stock settings, and overclocking the 10900Ok solely yields a scant 1 fps ‘benefit.’ Which is to say the chips are successfully tied.
The 5600X is much more spectacular in comparison with chips in its price vary. At stock settings, the Ryzen 5 5600X beats the stock Core i5-10600Ok in each 1080p and 1440p gaming by ~25% and 13%, respectively, each important positive aspects. Overclocking the Core i5-10600Ok to five.Zero GHz does not assist – the Intel chip nonetheless trails the stock 5600X by 7% at 1080p and successfully ties the 5600X at 1440p. As you’d count on, overclocking the 5600X (PBO) yields a fair bigger benefit over the overclocked Intel chip.
The $300 Ryzen 5 5600X is $35 dearer than the Core i5-10600Ok, although, so we flip to Intel’s higher-end various, the $375 Core i7-10700Ok, to see the way it fares towards the 5600X. If gaming is your major objective, paying $75 extra for the 10700Ok than the 5600X is a waste of cash. The stock 5600X beats the stock 10700Ok by 15% at 1080p, and ~8% at 1440p. Overclocking the 10700Ok does not assist, both – the stock 5600X ties the overclocked 10700Ok at 1080p and trails by a mere Three fps at 1440p. Overclocking the Ryzen 5 5600X provides it the lead over the dear 10700Ok silicon.
Lastly, if you happen to step up a tier to the $450 Ryzen 7 5800X, you will not get a lot further over the 5600X, at the very least so far as gaming is anxious. The Ryzen 5 5600X matches the overclocked Ryzen 7 5800X at each stock and overclocked settings in each resolutions, making it the brand new mainstream gaming champ.
One factor of word – the underside 4 entrants of every chart cowl AMD‘s earlier 4 generations of Ryzen processors. Impressively, the Ryzen 5 5600X notches the most important efficiency delta over its rapid predecessor than another Ryzen processor.
3D Mark, VRMark, Stockfish Chess Engine
We run these artificial gaming exams as a part of our predominant utility check script. We use an RTX 2080 Ti for these exams to facilitate sooner testing, however we use the RTX 3090 for all different gaming benchmarks (we do not embrace these exams within the previous cumulative measurements).
As we have come to count on, AMD‘s core-heavy processors dominate in threaded artificial exams, just like the Stockfish chess engine and 3DMark’s DX11 and DX12 CPU benchmarks. The stock Core i5-10600Ok cannot cling with the stock Ryzen 5 5600X, and even overclocking the 10600Ok does not permit it to maintain tempo within the DX11 and Stockfish exams. The overclocked 10600Ok does scrape previous the 5600X within the DX12 CPU check, which leverages threading extra successfully than the 3DMark DX11 benchmark.
As one would count on, the Core i7-10700Ok and Ryzen 7 5800X each lead the Ryzen 5 5600X within the DX12 and Stockfish exams, a byproduct of their increased core counts, however these positive aspects do not translate effectively (if in any respect) to the real-world gaming exams beneath.
Maybe the Ryzen 5000 processors are most spectacular in VRMark. This benchmark leans closely on per-core efficiency (a mix of IPC and frequency), and as you’ll be able to see from the previous-gen Ryzen processors, AMD has historically trailed on this benchmark. The Ryzen 5 5600X corrects that challenge because it reaches the higher echelons of the chart, beating even the overclocked 10700Ok and 10600Ok by 20% and eight%, respectively – however that is with the 5600X at stock settings. Overclocking the Ryzen 5 5600X yields a 24% and 14% benefit, respectively, over the tuned Intel processors.
AMD says that the Ryzen 5000 processors supply main efficiency in numerous titles. Nevertheless, there’ll seemingly nonetheless be a time period earlier than we see focused recreation updates to reveal the very best of Ryzen 5000, identical to we noticed with previous-gen Zen chips, so the positive aspects do not apply to all titles.
The Core i5-10600Ok trails the Ryzen 5 5600X by 4.6 fps at 1080p and a pair of.Eight fps at 1440p. Overclocking the Ryzen 5 5600X delivers small positive aspects at each resolutions, whereas the 10600Ok earnings extra from its 5.Zero GHz clock pace, thus taking the lead in bothbenchmarks.
Far Cry 5
Far Cry 5 finds the Ryzen 5 5600X beating the Core i5-10600Ok throughout the board in each 1080p and 1440p benchmarks – and by considerably spectacular margins. The Core i7-10700Ok additionally lags the 5600X considerably at stock settings, however successfully ties the 5600X after overclocking. Given the upper up-front pricing and dear parts wanted to extract the very best of the 10700Ok’s overclocking prowess, the tie truly is not very spectacular.
Once more, a fast look on the previous-gen Ryzen models, all of which populate the underside of those charts, highlights the explosive efficiency positive aspects of the Zen Three structure. AMD has come a great distance for the reason that 1600X, which was the primary Ryzen 5 chip to hit the market.
Hitman 2 does not appear to scale effectively from 1080p to 1440p, at the very least not on the heightened constancy settings we use for the benchmark, so we caught with the 1080p check for this title as a result of the identical tendencies carry over to 1440p.
The Ryzen 5000 processors dominate this benchmark – even the mighty Core i9-10900Ok, propelled by a prodigious quantity of voltage and warmth to five.1 GHz, cannot match the overclocked Ryzen 5000 processors. Maybe extra impressively, the stock Ryzen 5 5600X beats all of the Intel chips at stock settings, and ties the overclocked 10700Ok.
Microsoft Flight Simulator
We’re simply as excited as anybody else about Microsoft‘s lengthy long-overdue launch of Flight Simulator, and we’re positive that severe flight sim followers will need to crank up the decision on this title.
Impressively, the stock $300 Ryzen 5 5600X beats the stock Core i5-10600Ok and i7-10700Ok and matches Intel’s halo $490 Core i9-10900Ok. Turning the overclocking knobs on the Ryzen 5 5600X solely cements its lead – the chip beats all the Intel competitors after overclocking, too.
In the meantime, the Ryzen 7 5800X ekes out a small win over the 5600X at stock settings, however overclocking each chips yields an efficient tie. Taking a look at this by the price-vs-performance prism, the Ryzen 5 5600X is the undisputed champ.
Undertaking CARS 3
Undertaking CARS 3 scales effectively with further host compute, and the title clearly responds effectively to the Zen Three structure.
The stock Ryzen 5 5600X beats the Intel competitors handily on the 1080p decision. Once more, we see the pattern of the power-sipping stock Ryzen 5 5600X simply trouncing the overclocked Intel processors. The 5600X even scales effectively after tuning, propelling it close to the highest of the chart.
The tendencies we see at 1080p largely switch over to the 1440p decision, however the GPU bottleneck turns into obvious. Right here the overclocked 10900Ok takes a slight edge, however the delta between it and the stock 5600X is pretty meaningless – you definitely will not discover just a little over 1 fps of distinction. The looming graphics bottleneck additionally restricts the 5600X’s scaling with overclocking.
Pink Lifeless Redemption 2
A look on the backside of those charts exhibits the clear development of AMD‘s architectures because it iterated on the Zen design. Nonetheless, in many of the titles we examined, the Ryzen 5000 sequence represents AMD‘s greatest generational leap by far.
Once more, we see no-compromise 1080p gaming efficiency with the 5600X – even the heavily-overclocked Intel processors cannot overcome the benefits of the Zen Three structure paired with the 7nm course of. After we flip over to 1440p testing, a graphics bottleneck varieties, however the 5600X nonetheless carves out a win over the Intel processors.
Shadow of the Tomb Raider
AMD‘s chips take a sizeable lead at 1080p, however Intel’s overclocked chips ship higher 99th-percentile measurements. Flipping over to 1440p, Intel’s 10900Ok reaches the highest of the chart, but it surely took fairly a little bit of voltage for it to surpass the stock Ryzen 5000 chips.
The Division 2
Ryzen 5 5600X Software Benchmarks
Ryzen 5 5600X Software Efficiency – The TLDR
The geometric imply of each essentially the most lightly- and heavily-threaded exams in our utility suite communicate volumes. We’re fairly accustomed to seeing AMD‘s chips lead within the multi-threaded rankings whereas trailing, generally by sizeable margins, within the single-threaded efficiency rating. That is not the case anymore, and Zen Three simply leads each rankings.
Once more, we examined the Ryzen 5 5600X all through our check suite with each a Corsair H115i water cooler (marked as AIO within the charts above) and the bundled Wraith Stealth cooler (HSF). As we noticed in our gaming exams, there may be little to no distinction between single-threaded efficiency with the 2 coolers, however we see an even bigger distinction in our threaded purposes. We recorded a 4% enhance to efficiency with the H115i in our cumulative measure, but it surely’s vital to notice that this delta varies primarily based on workload. The deltas vary from 1% to eight% (worst case in a single workload – y-cruncher), however to maintain the charts clear, we have charted efficiency with our H115i cooler all through the remainder of the appliance testing.
Nevertheless, whatever the cooler, one factor stays true – the Ryzen 5 5600X simply beats the 10600Ok in threaded purposes and even challenges the 10700Ok that comes with two extra cores and a $75 premium, making the 5600X a stable bang-for-your-buck for heavy purposes. When you want extra efficiency and need to step up a tier, the Ryzen 7 5800X offers a stable enhance by its further two cores.
Transferring over to the single-threaded efficiency rankings actually highlights the 5600X’s strengths – the stock Ryzen 5 5600X beats the complete roster of Intel chips, together with the Core i9-10900Ok, in our rating – and that is even after we overclock the Intel chips to the bounds of their 14nm silicon. The stock Ryzen 5 5800X is a pleasant step up from the 5600X for evenly threaded work, however overclocking each chips yields a small 1.5% benefit for the Ryzen 7 5800X. That is not a distinction you will really feel in any evenly threaded app, making the Ryzen 5 5600X the price-to-performance champ for lightly-threaded work, too.
Cinebench has lengthy been AMD‘s favourite benchmark for a easy purpose; the Zen microarchitecture has at all times carried out extraordinarily effectively within the threaded benchmark. Nevertheless, AMD has steadily improved its efficiency within the single-threaded benchmark and slowly labored its method up the chart.
The 5600X flexes its single-threaded muscle mass within the Cinebench benchmark, and whereas it is not as spectacular because the 5800X, we additionally see important uplift from overclocking. In the meantime, the Intel chips cannot hold tempo and path by massive margins, even after overclocking. Issues change with the multi-core Cinebench check, which finds the 5600X outstripping the 10600Ok, however trailing Intel’s 10700Ok and the Ryzen 7 5800X by considerable margins. That is not solely shocking given these chips’ core rely benefits.
Intel’s 10600Ok takes the lead within the single-threaded POV-Ray check, however the the rest of those exams favor the Ryzen 5 5600X, with Blender and v-ray being explicit areas of power.
We not too long ago built-in the Intel Open Picture Denoise Benchmark into our suite. This ray-tracing check makes use of Intel’s oneAPI rendering toolkit, so it offers an fascinating tackle efficiency. Right here we will see that the 5600X beats the stock Core i5-10600Ok at stock settings on this admittedly Intel-favorable check. Overclocking grants the 10600Ok a slim lead.
Our encoding exams embrace benchmarks that reply greatest to single-threaded efficiency, just like the quintessential examples LAME and FLAC, however the SVT-AV1 and SVT-HEVC exams symbolize a more recent class of threaded encoders. No matter the kind of encoder, although, AMD‘s Zen Three chips impress. The Ryzen 5 5600X is not any exception – it simply beats its nearest Intel competitor, the 10600Ok, throughout the board. The 5600X’s efficiency in HandBrake, in each AVX-light x264 and AVX-heavy x265 flavors, is extremely spectacular because it trades blows with the dearer 10700Ok.
It is fairly stunning to see AMD‘s reversal of fortunes in benchmarks like LAME and FLAC; a look on the previous-gen Ryzen processors on the backside of the chart exhibits the corporate’s speedy enhancements over the previous few years.
We check all of those benchmarks in a version-locked Chrome browser, with the notable exception of the Edge check. Intel has actually taken fairly the efficiency haircut in internet browsers over the past two years, largely as a result of mitigations for its nagging safety considerations.
Edge stands out because the lone exception – this browser leverages threading extra successfully, so extra cores typically equates to extra efficiency. Intel’s heavily-overclocked 10700Ok nudges previous the stock 5600X, however that is not a significant victory – overclocking the 5600X leads by a relatively massive margin after overclocking.
Workplace and Productiveness
AMD‘s Ryzen 5000: Come for the gaming and rendering efficiency, however keep for the Workplace expertise? OK, most likely not. When you’re seeking to construct a screaming-fast laptop, you are most likely not doing it to run workplace purposes like Phrase at breakneck speeds. Nevertheless, some of these purposes are ubiquitous the world over, and snappy efficiency is vital for every day duties. That is one other space that AMD has lengthy provided middling efficiency, however Zen Three climbs the ranks impressively.
For an ideal instance of how the Ryzen 5000 chips ship new ranges of snappiness, look no additional than the appliance start-up benchmark. The Ryzen 5 5600X, once more at stock settings, delivers a snappier expertise than Intel’s overclocked chips. Given the efficiency we see from the prior-gen Ryzen chips on this chart, that is nothing in need of phenomenal. AMD has come a great distance from that first-gen Ryzen 5 1600X.
You would be hard-pressed to seek out any weak spot with the Ryzen 5 5600X on this roster of exams – there merely is not one. Positive, it trails Intel’s far dearer chips in just a few threaded workloads, however that is hardly a priority given the price level.
Compilation, Compression, AVX Efficiency
The LLVM compilation benchmark stresses the cores closely. Right here we see that, like with the Ryzen 9 5950X and 3950X, the Ryzen 5 5600X does not supply a lot efficiency uplift over the previous-gen Ryzen 9 3900XT. These muted positive aspects suggest that the bottleneck lies elsewhere, and we think about that future software program optimizations may yield bigger efficiency deltas.
The threaded y-cruncher benchmark additionally revealed restricted scaling for the 5950X over the 3950X. Given the memory-heavy nature of this workload, we theorized this boils right down to the identical limitation on each chips — a dual-channel reminiscence controller that restricts feeding the 16 hungry cores. The Ryzen 5 5600X does not undergo the identical destiny, although – it offers a extra substantial quantity of efficiency uplift over the previous-gen 3900XT, which seemingly stems from its higher steadiness of per-core reminiscence throughput.
We additionally see a powerful uplift in NAMD, the gold normal for testing efficiency with simulation code. Right here the stock 5600X simply beats the overclocked 10600Ok, however we see a slight efficiency decline after partaking PBO. That is not solely shocking, as this tendency does manifest in some workloads with prior-gen Ryzen chips, too.
You may additionally discover that the Ryzen chips outstrip the Intel sequence by large margins within the hashing and AES encryption benchmarks. This comes as a byproduct of AMD‘s hardware-accelerated encryption help.
Ryzen 5 5600X Energy Consumption, Thermals
Notably, AMD‘s determination to stay with the AM4 socket nonetheless constrains its most energy consumption to 142W, which signifies that it couldn’t improve energy consumption for the brand new flagship models. Nevertheless, Zen 3’s IPC positive aspects permit the Ryzen 5000 chips to remain inside the similar TDP thermal and electrical ranges because the Ryzen 3000 sequence CPUs whereas delivering extra efficiency.
Those self same guidelines additionally apply to the 65W Ryzen 5 5600X – it should adhere to the identical 88W PPT restrict as its 65W predecessors, the Ryzen 5 3600XT and 3600X. Nevertheless, as you’ll be able to see within the y-cruncher threaded benchmark outcomes, the 5600X truly sips a lot much less energy than its predecessors, in the meantime delivering extra efficiency. That is the good thing about increased IPC, and thus extra per-core efficiency.
The Ryzen 5 5600X does eat just a few extra watts than the 3600X in the course of the Handbrake exams, however stays effectively beneath the 88W restrict. The 5600X makes good use of that energy, although, and delivers much more efficiency than its predecessors. That results in the very best stage of energy effectivity we have ever seen in our check suite – the Ryzen 5 5600X units the brand new bar for energy effectivity. In our renders-per-day-per-watt charts, you’ll be able to see that the 5600X simply beats many of the area, although the Ryzen 9 5950X is available in at a detailed second. That is extremely spectacular, and Intel’s chips merely cannot match that stage of energy effectivity.
Intel’s chips are fairly inefficient as compared, which is a pure byproduct of utilizing the older and less-dense 14nm node. Intel has additionally turned the dial up on the voltage/frequency curve to stay aggressive, throwing effectivity out the window in exchange for increased efficiency.
The online-net is that the Ryzen 5000 processors will draw far much less energy per unit of labor than any of Intel’s 14nm chips, which leads to a cooler and quieter system.
Right here we take a barely completely different take a look at energy consumption by calculating the cumulative quantity of vitality required to carry out x264 and x265 HandBrake workloads and two Blender renders. We plot this ‘process vitality’ value in Kilojoules on the left aspect of the chart.
These workloads are comprised of a hard and fast quantity of labor, so we will plot the duty vitality towards the time required to complete the job (backside axis), thus producing a useful energy chart. Keep in mind that sooner compute instances and decrease process vitality necessities are excellent.
This measure actually separates the wheat from the chaff, and the very best outcomes fall to the decrease left-hand nook of the chart. You may discover the trendy Ryzen chips all populate the fascinating backside portion of the chart, whereas Intel’s power-hungry chips climb to the highest of the chart. We will additionally see the clear development by the varied Ryzen 5 generations by wanting on the Ryzen 5 1600X, 2600X, 3600X, and 3600XT as comparability points.
The Ryzen 5 5600X consumes an impressively low quantity of energy given its stage of efficiency – the Core 5-10600Ok consumes much more energy in exchange for slower efficiency. By advantage of its further cores, Intel’s Core i7-10700Ok is quicker than the Ryzen 5 5600X, however that comes at a hefty energy expense – the 10700Ok consumes much more cumulative energy than the 5600X.
Total, the Ryzen 5 5600X units the brand new bar for energy effectivity, one which Intel will not have the ability to match with any 14nm processor, together with the pending Rocket Lake.
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Enhance Frequency, Energy, Thermals
Right here we’ll take a better take a look at the Ryzen 5 5600X’s enhance clock mechanisms. Our testing exhibits that the chips attain their marketed clock speeds inside the energy limits of the AM4 socket, however they generate fairly a bit of warmth within the course of – particularly if you happen to use the bundled Wraith Stealth air cooler. The bundled air cooler does not affect efficiency in mild duties, however if you happen to do numerous intense threaded work, like rendering or recreation streaming, the bundled air cooler results in barely decreased efficiency.
As per our regular routine, we put AMD‘s enhance clocks to the check in each single- and multi-threaded workloads (methodology right here). The lightly-threaded check routine is designed to extract the very best enhance clock charges potential as we step by ten iterations of the LAME encoder, then single-threaded POV-Ray and Cinebench runs, PCMark 10, and GeekBench. To maintain the charts ‘clear,’ we solely plot the utmost frequency recorded on anyone core in the course of the check.
Within the first slide within the album above, we chart out this sequence of exams at stock settings with the Corsair H115i 280mm air cooler. The chip peaked at 4.65 GHz, which is barely above the marketed 4.6 GHz threshold, and topped out at 70C, which is not regarding.
Not like with the Ryzen 3000 sequence processors, the unused cores (plotted in black) dropped as little as 2.2 GHz in the course of the check (previous-gen chips tended to backside out at 3.Eight GHz). This can be a massive enchancment over the previous-gen chips: AMD added the power for particular person idle cores to drop into sleep states rapidly, which reduces total chip energy consumption and warmth era. By lowering this wasted layer of energy consumption, the energetic cores can enhance to increased frequencies, they usually can enhance extra ceaselessly and for longer durations.
The second slide exhibits the identical sequence of exams, however with the bundled Wraith Stealth air cooler. The air cooler nonetheless permits the processor to spice up freely in these lightly-threaded workloads and we attain the identical peaks of 4.65 GHz, however we see a marked improve in chip temperature to 81C in the course of the exams, which is shocking given the sunshine nature of the exams. Nevertheless, that elevated warmth output does not seem to affect enhance frequencies or period adversely, however that modifications once we stress the cores extra absolutely within the exams beneath.
Ryzen 5 5600X Stress Check Frequency, Energy, Thermals
The second sequence of exams plots our customized multi-threaded stress check that consists of a number of iterations of HandBrake, POV-Ray, Cinebench, v-ray, y-cruncher, and Blender renders. That is mainly throwing the heaviest real-world workloads now we have in our arsenal on the chip to see if we will push any energetic cores beneath the 5600X’s 3.7 GHz base clock. It is vital to notice that all-core workloads that absolutely stress all of the cores are represented within the areas the place the purple (most) and black (minimal) frequencies converge.
With the H115i AIO, the bottom all-core clock frequency we measured on absolutely energetic cores was 4.45 GHz, which is nice contemplating the official 3.7 GHz base clock. Total, all-core frequencies ranged from 4.65 GHz to 4.45 GHz. Temperatures had been tremendous with the Corsair H115i cooler, peaking at 72C for brief durations, albeit with the followers cranking away at excessive pace. AMD specs a most energy draw (PPT – Package deal Energy Monitoring) of 88W for its 65W TDP processors. The 5600X peaked at 76W, that means it has room to spare.
Temperatures had been a lot increased with the Wraith Stealth air cooler, although: We measured sustained durations of 92C, and a peak of 95C, throughout essentially the most intense parts of the check (Blender, POV-Ray, y-cruncher). This matches AMD‘s 95C restrict for 65W processors (105W processors have a 90C restrict), but it surely does affect efficiency.
We will see that topping the 5600X with the Wraith Stealth cooler ends in all-core frequencies that drop as little as 4.15 GHz, which is 300 MHz slower than the outcomes with the H115i liquid cooler (however nonetheless effectively over the official 3.7 GHz base clock).
Naturally, that decreased frequency impacts efficiency. You may discover that our check run required a further 60 seconds with the air cooler – a ~3% discount in efficiency. Nevertheless, this discount varies, particularly if the duty consists of a hard and fast quantity of labor over an prolonged time period, like a rendering workload.
Total, the bundled Wraith Spire is greater than ample for matching AMD‘s spec’d clock charges in each single- and multi-threaded duties, however the adaptive nature of Ryzen 5000’s Precision Enhance algorithms will reward you with increased efficiency if you happen to spend money on a greater cooler.
We recorded increased temperatures throughout our exams than we have seen with previous-gen Ryzen chips, however, lengthy story brief, do not get too excited concerning the increased stock temperatures. That is by design. AMD has tuned its enhance algorithms to completely leverage each final little bit of the thermal headroom out there, leading to increased chip temperatures – even throughout comparatively lighter workloads. This does not pose any hazard to chip longevity and in the end ends in higher efficiency.
To assist align expectations, AMD issued the above tips for anticipated temperatures for numerous sorts of coolers and the anticipated voltage ranges for numerous workloads. Naturally, lesser coolers at extra mundane settings will peak at increased temperatures. Investing in a greater cooler will reward you with decrease temperatures and incrementally increased efficiency in heavily-threaded work.
AMD‘s Zen Three Disruption is Almost Full
AMD‘s flagship Ryzen 9 5950X and Ryzen 9 5900X completely devastate Intel’s mainstream chips, however Intel does not actually have comparable chips that compete on mainstream platforms.
Nevertheless, Intel does have competing models for the Ryzen 5 5600X. Our outcomes present that AMD‘s Zen Three microarchitecture merely outclasses Intel’s Comet Lake chips at each price level they compete in, sealing AMD‘s dominance in desktop PCs.
As we will see in our charts above, AMD‘s benefit of a denser 7nm course of node and extra refined structure pays massive dividends. The Ryzen 5 5600X is quicker than Intel’s less-expensive Core i5-10600Ok throughout the board, setting a brand new bar for single-threaded and multi-threaded efficiency within the mid-range.
Trying throughout the complete spate of Intel chips, the Ryzen 5 5600X beats all the Intel processors in single-threaded efficiency – however that is with the 5600X at stock settings. In the meantime, even overclocking Intel’s priciest mainstream silicon, the Core i9-10900Ok, does not assist towards the Ryzen 5 5600X at stock settings. Overclocking AMD‘s chip solely will increase its lead.
Given its price level, the Ryzen 5 5600X additionally delivers excellent efficiency in threaded workloads, like content material creation and productiveness purposes. You can step up $75 to the Core i7-10700Ok, which has two further cores, for extra efficiency in these varieties of workloads. However at that time, you would be higher off seeking to AMD‘s Ryzen 7 5800X.
Zen 3’s gaming efficiency is nothing in need of spectacular. The Ryzen 5 5600X is just the mainstream chip for gaming – even Intel’s mighty Core i9-10900Ok cannot match its efficiency at 1080p, and its solely win comes after overclocking on the 1440p decision. Naturally, the Core i5-10600Ok and Core i7-10700Ok cannot compete.
That mentioned, as we have famous with earlier AMD CPU evaluations, a lot of these positive aspects gained’t be noticeable to customers with lesser graphics playing cards. The tables have turned, and now Intel CPUs are those which might be “mainly simply as quick as AMD” with something in need of the RTX 3080. However if you happen to’re searching for longevity, the Ryzen 5 5600X has loads of horsepower to push future generations of graphics playing cards.
The Ryzen 5 5600X does land at increased pricing than we’re accustomed to – the $300 price tag is now the entry level for Zen Three chips. That may change as AMD introduces its Ryzen Three and APU models, however it’s disappointing for value seekers. Sadly, AMD‘s advisable retail pricing not often has any relation to actuality on the checkout lane, so it’s exhausting to venture the place pricing will land in just a few months when availability improves. For now, crushing shortages make it tough to attain a Ryzen 5 5600X, even at advisable pricing.
Not less than AMD features a bundled cooler with the Ryzen 5 5600X, a bonus not given to any of its different Zen Three processors. The Wraith Stealth cooler is sufficient and offers the identical efficiency as an AIO in single-threaded workloads and gaming, however you will get a lift in heavy multi-threaded work if you happen to step as much as a greater cooler. You may undoubtedly want a greater cooler if overclocking is in your plans – the Wraith Spire does not have any further thermal headroom.
We will count on Intel to reply with decrease pricing as Zen Three availability improves, significantly over the vacation season. Till then, if you happen to’re searching for a lower-priced various to the Ryzen 5 5600X, we follow our earlier suggestion of the Ryzen 5 3600 (and even the 3600X if you happen to catch it at a superb price). We merely cannot advocate any Comet Lake processor at present pricing.
Zen Three has utterly disrupted Intel’s desktop PC chips at each price level it competes in, and we’re excited to see what the long run Ryzen Three and APUs have in retailer. To not point out next-gen Threadripper. In the meantime, the Ryzen 5 5600X takes the throne because the no-compromise gaming chip for the mid-range.
|Intel Socket 1200 (Z490)||Core i5-10600Ok, Core i7-10700Ok, Core i9-10900Ok|
|Gigabyte Aorus Z490 Grasp|
|2x 8GB Trident Z Royal DDR4-3600 – Stock: DDR4-2933, OC: DDR4-4000|
|AMD Socket AM4 (X570)||AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, 5900X, Ryzen 7 5800X, Ryzen 5 5600X, 3600XT, 3600X, 2600X, 1600X|
|MSI MEG X570 Godlike|
|2x 8GB Trident Z Royal DDR4-3600 – Stock: DDR4-3200, OC: DDR4-4000, DDR4-3600|
|All Programs||Gigabyte GeForce RTX 3090 Eagle – Gaming and ProViz purposes|
|Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti FE – Software exams|
|2TB Intel DC4510 SSD|
|EVGA Supernova 1600 T2, 1600W|
|Home windows 10 Professional model 2004 (construct 19041.450)|
|Cooling||Wraith Stealth, Corsair H115i, Customized loop|
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