Faiz Ahmad, Head of Global Transaction Services at Bank of America, noted in his opening remarks that unemployment insurance fraud is nationwide, and not unique to California.
“The size and scale of the California program attracted substantial fraud, including criminals who are fraudulently attempting to claim benefits. It is our assessment that there is sophisticated criminal network activity involved in this, as is being assessed by a third party specialist as well,” said Ahmad.
Bank of America has been EDD’s partner in benefits delivery for over a decade and also services other states across the country. Ahmad said that since the pandemic began, (BofA) has issued around nine million debit cards, involving more than $100 billion in benefits, to Californians in partnership with the EDD.
RELATED: California man records call with Bank of America as he learns bank closed his account without notice
Ahmad said that (BofA) had been freezing accounts that showed indications the cardholder was not entitled to benefits.
“We believe the overwhelming majority of frozen accounts represent frauds that were stopped, representing hundreds of millions — or billions — or more in criminal activity,” he said.
Officials pointed out that it was not traditional Unemployment Insurance that experienced the bulk of fraud. Though regular unemployment claims skyrocketed, it was the new federal benefits for self-employed or gig workers that were targeted by criminal organizations.
“These sophisticated fraud schemes targeted unemployment insurance agencies across the nation and honed in on the susceptibilities inherent in the federal Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program created by the CARES Act. 95% of our fraud is in this program,” said newly-appointed Director of EDD, Rita Saenz.
On Jan. 14, 2021, a class-action lawsuit was filed against Bank of America, claiming the bank did not do enough to stop the scammers. The suit, Yick v. Bank of America, alleges that (BofA) did not properly secure its debit cards with chip technology, did not prevent data breaches on its accounts, and failed to reimburse victims as required by the bank’s contract with the EDD.
RELATED: Class action lawsuit filed against Bank of America for rampant unemployment fraud
Bank of America said it has improved customer service, including hiring more staff, reducing wait times on their phone hotline, and is restoring the money for those with legitimate claims.
“However, accounts may be frozen to protect recipient’s funds from more fraud if there are additional signs of fraudulent activity. A new card may be issued at that time,” the company said.
In a letter dated Dec. 7, 2020, Bank of America responded to inquiries by California state lawmakers and revealed it paid scammers hundreds of millions of dollars. The bank noted that most fraud stemmed from stolen cards and identity theft, though the bank said sometimes criminals would “double-dip” by first opening a fake claim, then later reported that their claim had been hacked — leading (BofA) to put back the money for the “losses.” It was fraudsters claiming fraud.
RELATED: Bank of America freezes unemployment benefit accounts just before holiday
In response, (BofA) began to “clawback” the money it had sent to accounts to cover purported losses — but in so doing, it also drained the funds of legitimate claims. Unemployed workers with (BofA) accounts told 7 On Your Side that their debit cards had been hacked, but when they reported the fraud to (BofA), the bank first replaced the missing money — then took it all back.
Even more painfully, Bank of America denied fraud victims’ appeals to put the money back, and froze their accounts.
RELATED: Bank of America reveals it paid millions to ‘double-dipping’ EDD fraudsters
On Nov. 24, 2020, a bipartisan group of 59 state lawmakers wrote an open letter to Bank of America‘s CEO, Brian Moynihan. In the letter, the lawmakers demanded to know why the bank was draining the funds of those who held unemployment benefit accounts with Bank of America.
Some of the questions posed to Moynihan included:
- “Why is Bank of America taking funds and freezing (debit) cards?”
- “What needs to happen… to have the funds restored?”
- “Has Bank of America had to pay penalties… due to fraud on its cards?”
RELATED: Bank of America asked why they’re draining EDD accounts, leaves questions unanswered
The bank acknowledged the receipt of the letter, but failed to provide answers to those questions by the imposed December 1 deadline. A spokesperson for Bank of America told 7 On Your Side at the time: “We are working with the state and law enforcement to identify and take action against fraudulent applicants, protect taxpayer money and ensure that legitimate applicants can access their benefits.”
Take a look at more stories and videos by Michael Finney and 7 On Your Side.
Have a question for Michael and the 7 On Your Side team? Fill out the form HERE!
7OYS’s consumer hotline is a free consumer mediation service for those in the San Francisco Bay Area. We assist individuals with consumer-related issues; we cannot assist on cases between businesses, or cases involving family law, criminal matters, landlord/tenant disputes, labor issues, or medical issues. Please review our FAQ here. As a part of our process in assisting you, it is necessary that we contact the company / agency you are writing about. If you do not wish us to contact them, please let us know right away, as it will affect our ability to work on your case.
App users: For a better experience, click here to view the full map in a new window
Copyright © 2021 KGO-TV. All Rights Reserved.