Executives at the investment firm TIAA are especially proud of one aspect of their back-to-work plans: The company is on only its second round of setting a return-to-office date. They first hoped to bring employees back in January, but were derailed by the Omicron variant. Now the firm is targeting March 7.
“We noticed other employers were saying, ‘We’ll be back in April.’ ‘We’ll be back in June.’ But we said we need some certainty,” said Sean Woodroffe, the head of human resources at TIAA, which has 12,000 U.S. employees. “This March 7 date is only the second time we announced a date.”
And Mr. Woodroffe is facing this new return-to-office date with optimism, he explained, seated at his desk in front of a glimmering cityscape, high above what he described as the bustling “vibe” of Midtown Manhattan. After all, the firm has a 98 percent Covid-19 vaccination rate, employees have been supplied with at-home tests and the line at the Third Avenue Wendy’s has been inching longer during lunchtime.
“With Omicron we realized that we needed to pivot from thinking about coming back into the office when Covid vanishes,” he said. “We recognized we have to pivot to how do you responsibly cope with Covid?”
The two-year mark since many American businesses sent their office workers home is approaching, and some antsy executives have delivered a long-delayed message: Return-to-office plans are real this time (fingers crossed). Managers are hanging up welcome balloons and dusting off monitors with a sense of confidence. Coronavirus tests are widely available, including some provided by employers. Many businesses know the majority of their employees are vaccinated. Many workers have recovered from Omicron and are resuming indoor social activities.
Executives are entering the next zone of return-to-office planning with what psychologists call “stress-related growth.” They have endured a sustained period of tumult. They are emerging feeling hopeful, equipped with new insights about how to respond when Covid cases surge and how to keep workers safe while businesses are open: by encouraging testing and imposing vaccine rules.
“There’s a very strong feeling we’re coming out on the other side,” said Keith McFall, the chief operating officer of the staffing provider Express Employment Professionals, based in Oklahoma City, which reopened its renovated office on Feb. 7 after scaling back a phased reopening that had started in July and then delaying an intended January return.
And there’s a sense of near glee among some managers as their R.T.O. plans cement: “It was like back-to-school week, quite frankly,” said Chris Glennon, the vice president of global real estate and workplace at Intuit, who visited the company’s San Francisco office last week. Intuit fully reopened its offices on a voluntary basis on Jan. 18 and is continuing to weigh timing for a required return.
Mr. Glennon noted that the company’s consulting physician had recently started a call by saying he had nothing but good news to share.
The Return of Return-to-Office Plans
After the Omicron variant crushed companies’ hopes for a return to in-person work late last year, a new R.T.O. chapter now appears to be opening.
“‘I said, ‘Hallelujah, it’s the first time we’ve been able to say that,’” he added.
American Express told workers that they would be encouraged to return to the New York office starting March 1, followed by a broader return on March 15. Meta, formerly Facebook, is starting its hybrid return to the office on March 28. Microsoft said that starting on Feb. 28 workers would have 30 days to adopt working preferences with their managers, with the expectation that most would be able to work from home up to half the time, and Ford Motor said in April that it would adopt a hybrid work program, where many employees can be partly in-person and partly remote. This week, The Wall Street Journal’s parent company announced a flexible approach to R.T.O., and The Washington Post said this month that staff would be required to come back in March.
The New York Times on Thursday announced a gradual return to office plan, in which employees are encouraged to return to the office occasionally starting April 4 and expected to adopt a combination of in-person and remote work starting June 6. Employees with circumstances that make this return challenging — for instance, those who have children under 5 who cannot get vaccinated — can work with their managers to find an appropriate time to begin hybrid work.
Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase called employees back on Feb. 1, and Citigroup said this week that its vaccinated U.S. employees should return to the office at least two days per week starting March 21, if they haven’t yet gone back. BNY Mellon broke from its Wall Street peers in introducing a more flexible work arrangement. Chevron, which had delayed its return to the office in January, required Houston workers to return on Feb. 14. Some employers, like TIAA, candidly concede that in the case of a new variant they might have to adjust their policies.
“This is the fourth call to arms,” said Kathryn Wylde, the head of the Partnership for New York City, a business group, adding that she had recently met with a group of executives eager to see workers back in person. Some had postponed plans because of the Delta and Omicron variants of the coronavirus.
“They recognize the longer people are working remotely, the harder it’s going to be to bring them back to the office,” Ms. Wylde said.
Office occupancy across the country is creeping up after a January dip: It was at an average of 31 percent of pre-Covid levels across 10 major cities this month, up from 23 percent in early January and down from a pandemic peak of 40 percent in the first week of December, according to the security firm Kastle Systems. A report last month from the Partnership for New York City found that the majority of employers surveyed expected daily attendance in their offices to exceed 50 percent on an average weekday by late March.
But nonprofessional indoor activities have picked up more quickly, including dining and entertainment, leading executives to guess that the barriers to bringing their employees back might not be related to just health and safety. (The chief executive of Morgan Stanley, James Gorman, articulated this frustration last summer, declaring that if workers could go out to eat, they could go to the office.)
“It’s about overcoming the inertia that’s been built over a couple years,” said Mark Ein, the chair of Kastle Systems. “It’s going to be a very, very long time before you see return to the office at the same level as you’ve seen the return to other parts of life.”
Some employers are also proceeding with caution after the havoc that Omicron played with expectations for January office reopenings.
At Meta, employees have until March 14 to decide if they want to go back to the office or request to work from home either permanently or temporarily for three to five months. Meta requires anyone entering the office to be vaccinated and wear a mask, and booster vaccination shots will be required starting March 28 for those who are eligible.
Jefferies, an investment bank, restarted its hybrid return-to-office plan on Feb. 1 after a December pause, asking people to work with their managers to determine how many days they should commute in. The office has recently reached nearly pre-Covid occupancy on its busiest days, a spokesman said. The firm requires everyone to be fully vaccinated and have received a booster to enter the office, and it mandates masks in common areas. All employees were recently sent 20 rapid antigen tests.
“Walk with a bounce in your step and a smile on your face, but don’t run,” wrote the firm’s president, Brian Friedman, and chief executive, Rich Handler, in outlining the office reopening plan last month. “Hopefully, circumstances will continue to improve and we will all be sprinting together once again.”
For workers struggling to prepare for the office — especially those with caregiving responsibilities or children too young to be vaccinated — the sprint feels premature. And many employers realize that without giving people leeway to decide where they work, they could lose talent to competitors that do.
BNY Mellon, which has nearly 50,000 employees worldwide, is allowing managers to determine which days employees will be in the office, a less rigid approach than many of its finance peers. Jolen Anderson, the bank’s head of human resources, said the bank was trying to be empathetic to what its employees needed and differentiate itself from other prospective employers.
“You can’t undo the experience we’ve had collectively together, and you can’t undo some of the benefits people have talked about around the ability of people to work remotely,” Ms. Anderson said. “It would be a shame not to consider those things as we design future work models.”
Plenty of large employers now seem to be watching one another and waiting for critical mass before launching R.T.O. plans, said Mr. Ein of Kastle, who predicted a significant uptick in office occupancy as Omicron wanes and the weather warms. Google, for example, has not announced new return dates for its offices since it postponed its January plans.
Still, this month brought the start of the reopenings, which for office enthusiasts included a welcome sense of pre-Covid déjà vu. On the first Monday of February, Mr. McFall of Express Employment Professionals woke up at 6:30 a.m., put on a sports coat and drove 30 minutes to his office, blasting classic rock. It felt like the old days.
He met new employees he had only ever spoken with on Zoom. The floors were buzzing as people greeted one another and took advantage of free nuts and energy bars.
“You slowly work your way back,” Mr. McFall reflected. “There’s a very high level of optimism that we’re getting through this.”
Katie Robertson and Lananh Nguyen contributed reporting.
Dow Today – Say Hello Again to the Office, Fingers Crossed