Each citadel of studying derives its declare to greatness from the fame and accomplishments of its college students and employees: the nice lecturers and students to whom has been given the large job of instructing, guiding and provoking the minds and abilities which are destined to outline the longer term. Your job is presumably the noblest anybody might ask for, but usually with out nice reward and even gratitude. However we thanks at the moment to your nice and priceless service to this and coming generations.
It’s most pleasing to study that the proverbial seed planted lower than a decade in the past, the Federal College, Dutse, has not solely produced 4 units of graduates already and tomorrow by the grace of God, a fifth set, however has additionally grown so bounteously to now have over 7,000 college students unfold throughout 6 colleges, together with a School of Medication and Well being Sciences.
Yours is the primary among the many set of Universities arrange by the Federal Authorities in 2011 to ascertain a School of Medication and Well being Sciences. Congratulations! Equally exceptional are studies of the nice exploits being recorded by the College in lots of fields that amply validate the promise of the fruitful synergy between city and robe.
Let me cite simply two such examples, in recognition of your related and modern analysis efforts. First is the Federal Ministry of Agriculture chosen your College to host the Agribusiness Incubation Centres.
The second has been your response to the safety challenges besetting our nation at the moment, you elected to precise a shared dedication to the nationwide seek for answer by being the primary amongst your friends to mount a programme on Criminology and Safety Research, thereby demonstrating your relevance and proving that the college mustn’t simply be an incubator of concepts, but in addition an answer supplier.
Congratulations on these sterling achievements. And to the scholars of this college, and particularly the graduating class of 2019, let me simply say congratulations and nicely achieved! The longer term is actually very shiny certainly.
Madam Vice Chancellor, my lecture titled “Going through the New Decade”, a subject you graciously allowed me to decide on, is actually directed on the younger women and men right here on this enviornment at the moment. I depend myself amongst these younger women and men and I hope that these of us who’re right here additionally see ourselves as younger women and men.
The rationale why that is addressed to the younger individuals right here is first, the younger women and men, college students of this College, are the way forward for our nation. Secondly, that future has already arrived at our doorsteps, maybe a lot sooner than we anticipated. For the subsequent jiffy allow me to take you on a short journey into this imminent future, the way it will have an effect on us all and my humble options about what you could must do to make one of the best of it.
Let me start by making just a few normal statements and maybe some predictions. First is that the subsequent few many years will current large alternatives for getting well-paying jobs and profitable entrepreneurship alternatives everywhere in the world. Anybody will have the ability to entry lots of these jobs with out even having to maneuver from your individual nation, in some instances even with out leaving your property.
There shall be a very worldwide market place of concepts, abilities and alternatives, however to entry that market place, you want to develop into, in lots of senses, a worldwide citizen by your individual effort. Self-education and self-development shall be vital.
Second, expertise in its varied iterations and functions shall be essential in all and each facet of human existence. The larger our entry to expertise, our adaptation and utility of the concepts we have now, the extra profitable we’re prone to be.
The third is that we’re at the moment in probably the most superior second in human historical past, and every day, information and its functions develop in leaps and bounds. For the primary time in human historical past, anybody of us could be heard or seen everywhere in the world by live-streaming with out proudly owning our personal satellite tv for pc TV station. We will share concepts with tens of millions of individuals in seconds on Fb or Instagram.
It was Arthur Clarke, the British Science Fiction author, who mentioned that “any sufficiently superior expertise just isn’t completely different anymore from magic.” When you comply with a few of the tendencies in expertise over the previous years particularly, a lot of his assertion seems true, as the approaching years look set to be one of the spectacular magic exhibits ever.
Final 12 months, DeepMind, which is a studying outfit, introduced that considered one of its healthcare algorithms might detect over 50 eye ailments as precisely as a educated physician. Solely just lately, we witnessed the trial run of an Synthetic Intelligence, AI, a newsreader on the Chinese language Xinhua Information station, and the disclosing of a digital assistant that may mimic the voice of people with uncanny likeness. It’s known as ‘Google Duplex’. There are provinces in China that at the moment are attempting out AI lecturers in distant villages the place graduates and younger persons are not prone to keep. In 2018, there was a world-first recording of an Synthetic Intelligence system engaged in a two-way debate with a human opponent!
The fourth and maybe a very powerful level I want to make at the moment is that the abundance of pure sources equivalent to we have now in Nigeria, oil and several other minerals, even abilities, imply little or nothing except we’re capable of creatively and through the use of innovation and including worth, add to no matter it’s that we have now when it comes to expertise or sources.
Let me put it otherwise, the distinction between poverty and wealth or mediocrity and excessive achievement is creativity, or the capability and willingness so as to add worth. That is the explanation why Apple, producers of the iPhone and iPad, make more cash in 4 months than Nigeria earns from oil in a single 12 months.
Apple sells the product of the ingenuity of the human thoughts, concepts translated to merchandise, providers and options that tens of millions are ready to pay for. And since the capability of the human thoughts for creativity, era of concepts and for innovation and invention is limitless, the supply of wealth of modern corporations and people is actually limitless. Alternatively, oil drilling and promoting, and different extractive actions with out including worth by refining and creating an entire petrochemical ecosystem can not yield optimum revenue or create the roles and wealth.
Equally, the mere truth that you’ve got massive tracts of arable land for agriculture doesn’t imply you’ll reach agriculture or develop into rich, and even as a nation, feed your self. Anyone can plant a seed and count on a harvest, however the cause why most farmers, our subsistent farmers, stay comparatively poor is that they add no worth to what they produce by processing, packaging or making different merchandise out of the uncooked harvest.
And in addition, as a result of many occasions they don’t have entry to cutting-edge improvements and innovations in farm inputs and farming strategies. Those that can add worth to the farmers’ harvest develop into wealthier than the farmer. So the growers of the uncooked supplies are the weakest within the worth chain and the poorest.
For instance, the person who makes candies from cocoa is certain to be richer than the cocoa farmer. He has added worth to the uncooked cocoa by processing and designing and packing the candies in interesting wrappers. By including worth, he’ll create extra jobs and extra wealth. So, whereas we’ll all the time want the normal professionals, medical doctors, legal professionals, accountants and bankers, these including worth to their providers will make more cash than they’ll. So these creating Synthetic Intelligence for giving authorized recommendation or medical diagnoses, or accounting or banking shall be extra profitable than the professionals themselves.
So, the way forward for banking and monetary providers doesn’t belong to banks or bankers as we all know them at the moment, it could nicely belong to the FinTechs and different technology-enabled options. For instance, at the moment we have now KiaKia, which makes use of Synthetic Intelligence and algorithms, to course of mortgage requests in minutes and grant credit score with out the hassles of normal banks. Apart from, there’s Kuda Financial institution, for instance, a financial institution with no single bodily department with all its options constructed right into a cellular utility. There’s additionally Eyowo, one other instance of a fee providers firm which is designed for figuring out, enumerating and paying to and gathering repayments from 2.2 million TraderMoni and MarketMoni beneficiaries.
They’ve revolutionized monetary inclusion, making and receiving funds from the farthest elements of Nigeria. There’s additionally one other firm known as Paystack, whose founders are simply over (the age of) 30. They’ve developed functions that make it simpler to make funds the world over. There’s additionally InvestBamboo, for instance, which was began by two 26-year-olds, and presents new methods so that you can lower your expenses and spend money on shares, all from a single utility.
Others have developed applied sciences that make it attainable so that you can spend money on a farm with out ever seeing the farm. Two Nigerian corporations once more, ThriveAgric and Farmcrowdy, arrange by younger Nigerians below the age of 35, are nice examples of the service suppliers that assist small-scale farmers scale-up, and entry useful coaching; and all of those achieved via crowdfunding.
On the planet of medication and healthcare, there’s LifeBank, owned by a younger Nigerian girl. It is a well being tech startup, which additionally makes use of drone expertise to facilitate blood supply to numerous well being centres. We might spotlight one other known as 54gene, a agency that’s harnessing genomic information from African DNA to revolutionize the drug trade, and alter the way forward for drugs. Even within the normally conservative authorized career, which I’m the chairman, entrepreneurs are disrupting outdated tendencies. There’s a digital authorized analysis firm known as Legislation Pavilion, the corporate’s digital instruments assist legal professionals to do authorized analysis shortly and effectively and even reply authorized questions. Judges and legal professionals subscribe to it and the utilization is a really profitable worth addition to authorized follow. But the founder and CEO of the corporate just isn’t even a lawyer.
So at the moment there are alternatives for entrepreneurs to construct their companies round conventional professions with out being professionals themselves. Essentially the most extensively learn on-line publications are neither owned nor run by educated journalists. A few of us are aware of the information aggregation platform known as Nairaland which was began by two Obafemi Awolowo College college students whereas nonetheless in class. As we speak it is without doubt one of the most profitable on-line platforms we have now. Even most of the most profitable internet advertising or PR corporations don’t have any formal coaching in these disciplines, most are self-thought. My nephew, who’s a lawyer, is establishing an natural farm and poultry after taking classes on-line. His solely information is derived from taking just a few lessons from any individual in Kano State providing on-line coaching for individuals interested by poultry farming.
However let me direct your minds to the brand new areas for job alternatives being created at the moment. Information Science is one massive space. At present, we depart huge quantities of non-public information on-line and within the close to future, corporations will want information scientists to undergo all of it and generate solutions to enterprise questions and make suggestions based mostly on their findings. Many companies already spend money and time going via individuals’s information in order that they’ll promote their merchandise. It is a new space of alternatives for jobs.
An enormous space at the moment is Content material Manufacturing – 3D/2D animation, Digital Results and Particular Results, in addition to Augmented Actuality and Digital Actuality. The usage of animation in schooling, leisure and media is rising in leaps and bounds. Those that can create content material with animation are being and shall be a lot wanted within the years to return.
In keeping with a current survey by the US Bureau of Labour Statistics, multimedia artists and animators are among the many highest-paid inside the US workforce. This has translated to extra jobs for animators in rising economies equivalent to India, Vietnam and now Nigeria. The common pay of a 3D animator in Nigeria who has simply began out after studying his commerce might be within the area of N300,000 – N500,000 month-to-month. In our coaching of N-Energy beneficiaries, we put aside a good amount of cash to coach animators. We’ve carried out two units of coaching; one within the North and one within the South of Nigeria. In whole, we have now educated over 25,000 younger women and men in animation.
Additionally, keep in mind that content material is changing into extra in demand with the streaming wars which have engulfed Netflix, Apple, Disney Plus, HBO and solely just lately, Airtel, the telecommunications supplier, launched its personal streaming service in Nigeria.
Then we have now the entire vary of Cybersecurity, one other massive space of alternative. As we speak, there are new alternatives for cybersecurity specialists. How is that? With every technological advance comes the implied addition of extra safety dangers simply to retailer and maintain the knowledge safe. Subsequently, cybersecurity will proceed to be a rising sector. On this sense, every nation may have its personal particular laws simply as we have now and lots of different worldwide laws, which can be certain that professionals with a complicated technological background able to nullifying new threats posed to each expertise and folks, shall be in demand on a regular basis.
How about 3D Printing? 3D printing is changing into an space of nice want. It should develop into much more related and basic sooner or later when put next with Synthetic Intelligence and Robotics. Consultants in 3D printing should possess inventive abilities with the flexibility to enhance the profitability and applicability of fashions. Additionally, they will need to have laptop abilities and information of 3D printing instruments. The Federal Authorities established a humanitarian hub in Adamawa State about two years in the past. In that hub, younger Nigerians are making synthetic limbs with 3D printers for individuals who misplaced their limbs within the battle within the North East. It is a development space which can proceed to develop as a result of 3D printing could be utilized in several methods and for a lot of functions. It doesn’t take a 12 months to discover ways to use 3D printers.
The technical revolution from the previous couple of many years have significantly modified the enterprise and cultural world. At present, we reside in an “utility financial system” because of the quantity of expertise and mobility that surrounds us with our smartphone functions that we rely on for every thing, from cellular banking to even well being monitoring. As such, it’s troublesome to discover a cause why one shouldn’t attempt to discover a profession associated to expertise, particularly once we think about that it’s already current in every thing we do; from our professions in our corporations to our private lives as shoppers. This implies laptop programming in a single form or type of the opposite, will proceed to be an vital talent for these searching for viable employment and an honest pay.
So at the moment, probably the most profitable companies are these ready so as to add worth, even our tradition can develop into an excellent wealth creator, however provided that we add worth. So simply doing conventional dances just isn’t sufficient, to place collectively eight or 16 barefooted younger women and men dancing when overseas visitors are visiting can not make sufficient cash. Organizing dance dramas, alternatively, can earn money. When an entire drama outfit is created with our tradition and our songs, the place we’re capable of make use of a director, scriptwriter, a composer and an arranger, then it’s attainable to earn money from our cultural dances.
In our future, there’s really one thing for everybody. We should always all reap the benefits of digital expertise, particularly social media and the varied platforms on provide, to develop a buyer base, acquire traction and advance companies. You may write a weblog, develop a web site to promote your merchandise and even your concepts – no matter it’s you understand how to do finest. Individuals are working fully-fledged industrial companies on Instagram with no single bodily store, a chance solely made attainable by the web. We’re an entrepreneurial individuals, a society of multitaskers who, due to the digital financial system, could make an actual alternative out of something we’re captivated with.
The query for a lot of of our younger individuals at the moment is: what’s your ardour? How will you take the talents that you’ve got, and add worth to the world round you? The longer term goes to rely an excellent deal on what we do with our passions and the way we will promote what we’re captivated with to tens of millions of individuals world wide.
I’ve seen movies tutorials on find out how to make one of the best soups or bake one of the best muffins, getting lots of of 1000’s of views on Instagram and YouTube, and folks promoting on them. YouTubers like Dimma Umeh are exhibiting us find out how to do make-up, find out how to grasp that spotlight and contour, and he or she informed us in a single video that she made her first million from YouTube! I’ve additionally seen movies of individuals instructing younger ladies find out how to maintain their husbands, very fascinating movies!
Due to the social media age, no matter concepts and abilities that you’ve got could be leveraged for profit. Your information is of immense significance and it’s a must to discover inventive methods to reap the benefits of it.
Whereas it’s simpler than ever to promote your information and abilities, it has additionally develop into simpler and cheaper so that you can purchase them. “The Cell Prof” in Lagos, for instance, is instructing individuals find out how to code from their cell phones, you don’t even want a laptop computer anymore!
The longer term is about self-education, self-development. It will be significant for us to speculate a bit of within the unimaginable alternatives for on-line schooling. Years in the past, it was not possible to do a specialised course in a number one worldwide college with out getting an admission, paying some huge cash after which travelling overseas. As we speak, you’ll be able to sit within the consolation of your property and get an Ivy League schooling. Universities equivalent to Harvard College and Dartmouth School, for instance, provide full-time on-line programs on Information Science and Linux Programming via an internet studying platform known as EdX.
This implies you’ll be able to study an entire new programming language in a 12 months, for lower than it could price you to even get to America! There are new technique of self-education and they’re extra accessible than you may need thought.
There isn’t any query that an thrilling future lies forward. There are breakthroughs in radical applied sciences, able to disrupting complete industries, and maybe even our very conception of labor itself. For increased establishments who’re getting graduates prepared for the world of labor, for the graduates, and new and close to graduates who’re right here at the moment, what does the disruption of the workforce by rising applied sciences signify for each livelihoods and employment?
As we speak, there are a number of vital implications associated to the fields of Synthetic Intelligence and Rising Applied sciences that can change the best way we work and our economies. So, we have now seen for instance that a lot of what’s thought-about analytical work by legal professionals, funding bankers, accountants, and different age-old professions shall be carried out higher by machines in a fraction of the time that people can. There’s a want to coach these professionals otherwise, and with these new alternatives and challenges in thoughts.
With the arrival of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the Web of Issues, the world of labor is in a state of flux, altering as by no means earlier than, pushed by inexorable forces that have an effect, not solely on skilled providers however on manufacturing and commerce, world provide chains and the digitalization of the worldwide financial system to call just some. So, for instance, the supervision work that managers do is altering quickly and there could also be no extra want for it. A younger girl who owns a clothes retailer in Abuja and Lagos, who lives in Abuja was exhibiting me how she will be able to remotely see all that is occurring in her store in Lagos on her laptop computer in real-time. And she will be able to converse to all her workers from her laptop computer in real-time. In different phrases, she will be able to supervise her retailer herself from wherever on this planet. So, the kind of supervisor you have to going ahead shall be a distinct sort.
Schooling at the moment should be schooling for employability, the kind of schooling that makes us employable and related within the applied sciences and alternatives that current themselves at the moment.
So, our college curricula should be versatile and dynamic. The main target should be on innovation, essential considering, interdisciplinary considering, design considering, synergizing and collaboration with others the world over to unravel issues.
The period of cramming the instructor’s notes and regurgitating for prime grades is over. The graduate of the longer term is an issue solver, a thinker, an entrepreneur. Our educators, policymakers, faculties, universities should now adapt their curricula, insurance policies and initiatives to enhance the talents that allow the graduate to nimbly and continually reply to the ever-changing face of the financial system and the office.
A pupil of humanities at the moment outfitted with the proper abilities and mindset shall be a vital a part of the collaboration required to construct an utility that can redefine a facet of enterprise. In different phrases, a pupil of Historical past, English, Languages, with none earlier scientific coaching or information, can with the proper abilities being taught at the moment, with self-teaching, develop functions that can change enterprise and industries, earn some huge cash. Purposes are developed via collaborations; there are these which are scientists, there are those that come from the viewpoint of creativeness and others from the viewpoint of design; all of them collaborating collectively.
Steve Jobs, the founding father of Apple, was extra of an artist than a pc scientist. But he developed a few of the most unimaginable functions that we have now ever seen and made the type of revenue that makes individuals ponder whether they aren’t within the improper career.
A person or lady of concepts, irrespective of your diploma, can develop into, in collaboration with others, the designers or house owners of the subsequent utility that can make billions and create jobs for tens of millions. That is the thrilling future forward of us, the alternatives are limitless.
I wish to urge all of us, particularly the younger people who find themselves right here, to notice that we’re in one of the best occasions within the historical past of mankind. Let no one inform you in regards to the good outdated days. I mentioned earlier than, and I’m quoting somebody, I’m not so certain who he’s, he mentioned that “those that remind us of the great outdated days are in all probability affected by reminiscence loss.” We should not permit them to maintain speaking in regards to the good outdated days. We’re in one of the best occasions attainable at the moment. And the explanation why these are one of the best occasions is that we’re in probably the most technologically superior human historical past.
That is probably the most technologically superior second. That is probably the most superior second within the historical past of mankind, we have now by no means been superior as we’re at the moment. It was Fareed Zakaria, the CNN journalist, who mentioned and I’m quoting him that, “the smartphones that we have now at the moment, have extra computing powers than all the computing energy that took males to the moon on the spacecraft, all the computing powers that had been in that spacecraft, we now have 100 occasions of that computing energy within the smartphone that we supply about at the moment.”
So, we live in a time of sheer magic! We should take each benefit of it and I do know the younger individuals at the moment, particularly these on this Federal College Dutse, are rearing to go. The longer term is actually shiny!
Being excerpts from the convocation lecture delivered by His Excellency, Prof Yemi Osinbajo, SAN, GCON, vp of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, on the fifth Convocation of the Federal College of Dutse, Jigawa State, on February 21, 2020
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