HANOI (Reuters) -Vietnam is in talks with the United States on domestic production of mRNA vaccines, its foreign ministry said on Thursday, as the country looks to boost supplies amid its worst coronavirus outbreak yet.
After reining in the virus for much of the pandemic, Vietnam faces a surge in daily infections. It has imposed strict curbs on movement in about a third of the nation, including the commercial hub of Ho Chi Minh City and the capital, Hanoi.
Local production of the unidentified mRNA vaccine could begin in the fourth quarter or early in 2022, foreign ministry spokeswoman Le Thi Thu Hang told a regular news briefing, adding that Vietnam could produce 100 million to 200 million doses a year under such a deal.
Such vaccines contain no actual virus, instead providing instructions for human cells to make proteins that mimic part of the coronavirus. These instructions spur the immune system into action, turning the body into a virus-zapping vaccine factory.
The health ministry reported 6,194 new COVID-19 infections on Thursday, a record daily increase. This raised Vietnam’s overall total of cases to 74,371, with 370 deaths.
Many Asian governments are looking to build up vaccine production at home as tight global supplies have hobbled their inoculation campaigns, which lag North America and Europe.
BioNTech has a production deal with China through local partner Fosun Pharma and plans to build a vaccine factory in Singapore that will begin operation in 2023. In South Korea, Samsung BioLogics plans to start vaccine bottling and packaging work for Moderna in the third quarter and the country is in talks with mRNA vaccine makers to make up to 1 billion doses.
Vietnam will receive an additional 3 million shots of Moderna’s vaccine on July 25 from the United States via the global COVAX vaccine scheme, Hang said, adding to the 2 million Moderna doses the United States shipped it on July 10.
In total Vietnam – with a population of 98 million – has clinched deals for 105 million vaccine doses and is in talks for 70 million more. Fewer than 330,000 people have been fully vaccinated.
PRODUCTION IN VIETNAM
In May, the World Health Organization said it was reviewing a proposal by an unidentified manufacturer in Vietnam to become an mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine technology hub.
On Wednesday, Russia’s RDIF fund and Vietnamese firm Vabiotech said the latter had produced the first test batch of Sputnik V vaccine and was about to ship it to Russia for quality control checks.
Hang said on Thursday Vabiotech would initially start packaging five million Sputnik V doses a month, using materials from Russia, and moving to produce 100 million doses a year later.
“Vabiotech is also in talks with a Japanese partner to soon transfer vaccine production technologies to Vietnam,” she added.
Additional reporting by Miyoung Kim in SingaporeEditing by James Pearson, Clarence Fernandez and Frances Kerry