Philip Morris – Tabaré Vázquez, Former President of Uruguay, Dies at 80
BUENOS AIRES — Dr. Tabaré Vázquez, a former Uruguayan president who ushered in 15 years of leftist management and continued to apply as a doctor whereas in workplace, died at his house in Montevideo, Uruguay, on Sunday. He was 80.
The trigger was lung most cancers, his son Dr. Álvaro Vázquez mentioned.
Dr. Vázquez, an oncologist, introduced in August 2019, towards the tip of his time period, that he had the illness.
Each his dad and mom and a sister died of most cancers, motivating him to make that his medical specialty. And as president, he waged an aggressive battle towards tobacco firms and imposed one of many strictest antismoking laws on the earth.
His successor, President Luis Lacalle Pou, who took over in March, declared three days of mourning.
The election of President Lacalle Pou, of the center-right Nationwide Get together, marked the tip of a 15-year streak within the presidency for the Broad Entrance, a coalition of leftist events, that began with Dr. Vázquez in 2005, when his alliance defeated the 2 conventional center-right events that had lengthy dominated Uruguayan politics. He was one in every of a number of left-leaning politicians who took energy in Latin America on the time.
Getting into workplace on the heels of an financial disaster, Dr. Vázquez pursued market-friendly reforms whereas additionally boosting social welfare packages, together with a plan to offer all public-school college students free laptops and the growth of pensions and public well being care.
He additionally made headlines around the globe when he turned Uruguay into the primary Latin American nation to ban smoking indoors, a part of an anti-tobacco campaign that led Philip Morris to file a lawsuit towards the nation on the World Bank’s Worldwide Middle for Settlement of Funding Disputes in 2010. Uruguay received the go well with in 2016.
A specialist in breast most cancers, he continued to see sufferers sooner or later per week on the clinic the place he had lengthy labored. “Practicing medicine is not only my vocation, it gives me an opportunity to continue to be in direct contact with people, to see them and hear their needs,” President Vázquez mentioned in an interview with The New York Occasions in 2006.
Dr. Vázquez additionally promoted an effort to analyze crimes dedicated throughout the army dictatorship that dominated the nation from 1973 by way of 1985.
He was recognized for his centrist insurance policies and he even went towards his personal social gathering when he vetoed a invoice in 2008 that will have legalized abortion. The apply was legalized 4 years later.
The Uruguayan structure bars consecutive presidential phrases, so Dr. Vázquez left workplace in 2010, with a excessive approval score. He was succeeded by José Mujica, additionally of the Broad Entrance, and after Mr. Mujica’s presidency, Dr. Vázquez once more ran for president and received in a runoff in November 2014.
His second time period was marked by extra difficulties than the primary and his reputation took successful because the Uruguayan financial system started to stagnate amid growing unemployment and rising crime. A corruption scandal compelled his vp, Raúl Sendic, to resign in September 2017.
All of that contributed to Mr. Lacalle Pou successful a slim victory in November 2019 after a carefully contested runoff towards the Broad Entrance candidate, Daniel Martínez.
Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas was born on Jan. 17, 1940, in what he later described as a “very humble” house within the Montevideo neighborhood of La Teja. He was one in every of 5 youngsters of Héctor Vázquez, a union chief who labored on the state-owned oil firm Ancap, and Elena Rosas, a homemaker.
Dr. Vázquez graduated from the College of Medication at Uruguay’s Universidad de la Republica in 1969, working as a carpenter and waiter, amongst different jobs, to finance his research. He selected oncology as his specialty after his dad and mom and a sister died of most cancers.
He married María Auxiliadora Delgado, a civil servant, in 1964. She died in 2019. He’s survived by their 4 sons, Álvaro, Javier, Ignacio and Fabián; 9 grandchildren; and a brother, Jorge.
Dr. Vázquez joined the Socialist Get together in 1983, which he needed to do in secret as a result of the nation was underneath army rule. 4 years after that army rule ended, he received the mayoralty in Montevideo as a Broad Entrance candidate, in 1989. He then misplaced two presidential elections, in 1994 and 1999, earlier than successful in 2004.
In an interview that aired late final month, Mr. Vázquez was requested how he wish to be remembered. “Like a president who tried to be serious and responsible in his actions,” he answered, “and who tried his best to fulfill his commitments.”