Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born nineteen June 1964) is actually a British politician, author, and former journalist that has been Prime Minister of the United Kingdom as well as Leader of the Conservative Party after 2019. He was Foreign Secretary from 2016 to 2018 and Mayor of London from 2008 to 2016. Johnson was Member of Parliament (MP) for Henley from 2001 to 2008 and has been MP for South Ruislip and Uxbridge after 2015. He’s been referred to as belonging to the ideological tradition of one nation conservatism and national conservatism.
Johnson was educated at Eton College and also studied Classics at Balliol College, Oxford. He was elected President of the Oxford Union in 1986. Throughout 1989, he became the Brussels correspondent and later on a political columnist for The Daily Telegraph, exactly where his articles exerted a powerful Eurosceptic impact on the British properly. He was the editor of The Spectator magazine from 1999 to 2005. Right after being elected MP for Henley in 2001, Johnson was obviously a junior shadow minister under Conservative leaders Michael Howard and David Cameron. Throughout 2008, he was elected Mayor of London as well as resigned from the House of Commons; he was re elected as Mayor in 2012. Throughout the mayoralty of his, Johnson oversaw the 2012 Summer Olympics, introduced the brand new Routemaster buses, a cycle hire program and also the Thames cable automobile, as well as banned alcohol consumption on a lot of London’s public transportation.
In the 2015 general election, Johnson was elected MP for South Ruislip along with Uxbridge ; he stepped down as mayor the subsequent year, during which he grew to become a prominent figure in the excellent Vote Leave plan for Brexit of the 2016 EU membership referendum. He subsequently served as Foreign Secretary while in the earlier phases of Theresa May’s premiership; he resigned from the content 2 years down the line, in criticism of May’s approach to Brexit and also the Chequers Agreement. Following May resigned in 2019, he was elected Conservative leader and appointed prime minister. The September of his 2019 prorogation of Parliament was ruled unlawful by the Supreme Court. In the 2019 general election, Johnson led the Conservative Party to the biggest parliamentary victory of its after 1987, winning 43.6 % of the vote – probably the largest share of any party after 1979. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union under the terms of a modified Brexit withdrawal agreement, entering into a transition period as well as negotiations leading to the EU UK Trade as well as Cooperation Agreement. Since February 2020, Johnson has led the United Kingdom’s ongoing response to the COVID 19 pandemic.
Supporters of Johnson have praised him as upbeat, entertaining and humorous, with an appeal stretching past conventional Conservative voters. Alternatively, the critics of his have accused him of prejudice, cronyism, and elitism. The actions of his which are regarded by supporters as pragmatic seem to be seen by opponents as opportunistic.